Group decision making is an instance faced when people together collectively make a decision against the options in front of them. The collective decision is then no long attributable only to any single person who happens to be a member of that group. Rather, the entire group has to weigh and deliberate on the merits of such a course of action. It is essential to the very essence of any group endeavor.
One aspect of this technique is that there are certain advantages that go with it. This technique is useful in situations where the collective aim is to achieve some common outcome. For instance, in a sports team, a group decision making process is often needed when there are competing teams that have differing perspectives as to how they should proceed. In such a scenario, it is necessary for the group to arrive at a decision that benefits everyone in the end. The advantages associated with this technique then become clear.
Group decision-making has certain pros and cons that need to be weighed carefully. The pros of this technique include the fact that it increases the overall effectiveness of any collective endeavor. The ability to come to common decisions decreases the potential for conflict within the group, and so it can actually increase productivity. Furthermore, it provides a mechanism through which an idea can be propagated to a wider audience.
However, the cons of group decision making are also present. The greatest disadvantage of this technique is that there are more ideas that do not get expressed. As a result, more time is wasted in doing nothing, which does not help the group accomplish anything. The other con is that it is very difficult to come up with alternatives to solve problems that are faced by the group in question. In order to do this, alternative ideas have to be propagated to individuals individually.
Despite these two cons, group decision making proves to be a very powerful method when it comes to collective problem solving. The fact that more time is freed up allows people to spend it looking at other options. Furthermore, group decision making allows for more thorough investigation into problems. In the end, it also tends to create a better working atmosphere. In effect, people feel valued as a group because they are given the opportunity to contribute their opinions and their ideas to ways of solving problems. This is far better than simply having one person with all the power.
Group Decision Making Facts
As stated before, there are some advantages associated with group decision making. One of the advantages is that it tends to solve problems in a manner conducive to the attainment of certain desirable outcomes. By creating alternatives to problems, it encourages people to think outside the box. These results are often unexpected and revolutionary.
However, there are also some disadvantages associated with group decision making groups. First, there are generally more people involved and therefore more opinions. Also, since all of the members have an interest in the outcomes, there is an increased likelihood of partiality and an inability to reach agreement. Also, because all members are usually from the same demographic diversity, there tends to be a tendency for stereotype reinforcement and an inability to resolve situations rationally.
On the whole, there are some advantages and disadvantages to group decision making. One of those advantages is that it tends to solve problems in a manner conducive to the achievement of certain desirable outcomes. It also encourages group members to think creatively outside the box. Finally, it tends to create a better working environment because all members have an interest in reaching the desired outcomes. However, those results are largely unpredictable and are not always good.