How Consensus Decision Making Works

consensus decision making

Consensus decision-making has its roots in the history and theory of the bargaining process. According to this theory, a group of individuals, together with their leaders, form the bargaining group to reach a joint decision. Through the bargaining process, groups develop consensus, which is the outcome of the group’s political decision-making process. The theory states that if the group is made up of individuals who have different beliefs, point of views, and positions towards a given issue or policy, and if they come to a joint decision to disagree in their roles, they will not support the policy or the conclusion of the group collectively.

Role Of A Leader

A person holding a sign

The role of a leader within a bargaining group helps ensure that there is a consistent decision-making process and that the group’s decisions are binding. The leader makes a statement outlining the consensus of the group members, which gives voice to the agreement reached in the negotiation process. Consensus decision-making or consensus politics is a group decision-making process where at least two members are present, who come to a political agreement on the content of a specific proposal.

Majority Rules

A person wearing glasses

Majority rules are one of the main features of this decision-making process. The majority rule is how some decisions are made in any situation, such as at a business meeting. Two sides must agree to a conclusion rather than a small minority of people objecting to the decision. The decision must then be passed through a series of voting rounds. A proposal gains support from more than half the participants, giving the final round of voting. If any part of the proposal is opposed by more than half of the participants, it does not pass to the next phase.

Group Decision-Making

In group decision-making, there are two parties to a proposal. The first is the individual who has proposed the decision; the second is the group of individuals who have been named as members of the group. In a group decision-making process, everyone has an equal say in the validity of the decision. The group leader decides if a proposal is valid based on what he believes the group as a whole thinks.


It is challenging for any one person to decide on a topic on his own. Most people must be involved for the group to conclude an issue. An issue that the group can settle is one where there are several opinions on the same topic. This includes both positive and negative views.

Divide The Process

The decision-making process in a group could also be divided into two sub-groups. These sub-groups can be presented to a larger group of individuals. One of these sub-groups is known as a management team. This team comprises the directors of different departments who must make collective decisions about the company’s future. Management decision-making is a form of consensus decision-making.

Product Owner

One of the other sub-groups that are part of this decision-making process is known as the product owner. This group consists of the manufacturers, developers, and other contractors responsible for creating and delivering products to the ultimate customer. They must work collectively to make decisions. This decision-making process will be divided into two groups: the management group and the product owner.

Summing Up

For any of these groups to effectively and fairly make decisions, they must have a set of rules and guidelines. These rules and guidelines will ensure that everyone in the group is acting in their best interests. The group must have a set timetable to reach a decision. All group members must have an opportunity to offer their opinion. There must also be some binding procedure that all group members must follow when making a decision. When all of these procedures are in place, it will be much easier for everyone to decide.

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